By the way, if you visit the pier at night and partake of the scenic view up the coast you’re seeing “The Queen’s Necklace,” so called for the lights that line the curved shoreline from the pier to the beach at Topanga Canyon. Some claim it is one of the most romantic views on the West Coast although I would argue that the same could be said for a plethora of views from piers along the along the coast.
The Fish. There is also a diversity of fish although the species are basically the same seen at most SoCal, sandy-beach piers.
Fish surveys done between 2004-2009 by the California Department of Fish & Wildlife recorded 22 species. Listed numerically, they were as follows: jacksmelt, white croaker, barred surfperch, Pacific mackerel, Pacific sardine, northern anchovy, yellowfin croaker, walleye surfperch, Pacific bonito, sargo, queenfish, California corbina, black perch, pile perch, white seaperch, shinerperch, salema, California halibut, spotfin croaker, black croaker, barred sandbass and topsmelt. Of note, although Pacific sardine, Pacific bonito, and northern anchovy were high in number, they were only taken one year (2004).
In the shallow waters will be found corbina and their various croaker relatives (especially yellowfin and spotfin croaker). So too will be seen some small rays and sharks including round stingrays, thornback rays, an occasional bat ray and smaller leopard sharks and gray smoothhound sharks.
Mid-pier waters see some of those same fish but also see more jacksmelt and mackerel in the top waters, smaller white croakers (tomcod) and queenfish (herring) on the bottom. A few bass start to show up as well as an occasional scorpionfish (sculpin). Mid-pier also sees more shovelnose sharks (guitarfish) show up as well as more of the larger bat rays. Most important, mid-pier is usually the best spot for halibut (although many will also be taken out at the end).
Fishing under the pier, a fishery made possible by the unique walkways that were built during the pier’s reconstruction, allows access to fishing by the pilings and it is here where the larger perch hang out along with several perch-like species and the large sargo.
At the end, in the deepest water, are found the largest number of mackerel, bonito (when they decide to show up), and the larger sharks and bat rays.
Unfortunately, because of the pollution in this vast metropolitan area, the Department of Fish & Wildlife recommends against eating an excess of fish from the area.
Fishing Tips. Anglers are offered different areas to fish. Some inshore waters are available from the outer railings of the Newcomb Pier and Municipal Pier (by Pacific Park) but because of the businesses at the shore end of the pier, fishing is restricted to the south side of the pier. Nevertheless these limited areas are the best area for several surf species. Many fishing areas are available mid-pier and at the end and these are heavily fished.
I have fished most of these sections of the pier at different times of the year and had roughly similar results so I’m not really sure where the hot spot is. Action does seem slightly better at the end and on the north side of the pier but this is only conjecture. My favorite fishing spot is on the walkways that allow one to fish next to the pilings. My specialty has always been perch and it’s rare when one can fish pilings for perch in such a manner. But not everyone wants perch.
At the mid-pier and the end, I have had my best results simply using cut anchovies on the bottom with a high/low leader. A variety of fish have been caught—including halibut. I often use only the last half of the anchovy and cut a diagonal angle from the bottom to the top of the fish. Although this runs contrary to normal halibut methods, I have caught more halibut here using high/low rigging than live bait leaders. As for the remainder of the anchovy, it is chopped up and used for chum.
However, most locals (and they normally know best) use live brown bait (small queenfish or white croaker), or live shinerperch (locally called 7/11 perch), and fish straight down in the depressions between the pilings. Quite a few halibut in the 22-37” range are hooked with these live baits. A few regulars also “drag” for the halibut. They put a long-shanked hook into a headless anchovy and then pull it along the bottom. If crowded, cast out and retrieve slowly. If it isn’t too crowded, you can walk your bait along the edge of the pier, always alert for the soft mouthing of the halibut. By the way, some of these local techniques were supplied by the good folks at the Santa Monica Bait and Tackle Shop out at the end of the pier. So thanks to Bob, John, Manny and the other “Santa Monica Pier Rats.”
A 40-inch halibut taken by “Luis” in 1997
More common than halibut are white croaker (tom cod), queenfish (herring), walleye surfperch, scorpionfish (sculpin), kelp and sand bass, Pacific mackerel, Jack mackerel (Spanish mackerel), and bonito. Occasionally, barracuda, white seabass and even yellowtail will show up, most often out at the end of the pier in deeper water. The most common method used for the mackerel is to fish a light line with little or no weight and a single hook baited with a small strip of squid or a piece of mackerel. This of course works best on the areas nearest to the water so get down by the water. The bonito are generally taken on live bait or bubbles with a feather.
My favorite place to fish!
During the winter and spring, try around the pilings or fish under the pier (it’s possible because of the way the lower level platforms on the pier are designed) with bloodworms, mussels or sidewinder crabs (called “long arms” by some). The result might be a few pileperch, rubberlip perch or black seaperch. In addition, an occasional cabezon, bass or rockfish my show up when fishing at the bottom of the pilings. Fishing at night, especially during the winter months, may yield California scorpionfish aka sculpins. Smaller walleye surfperch are fairly common year round (although regulars report the best bite is from November to March). Most walleyes are caught on small pieces of anchovy fished mid-depth from the mid-section of the pier to the end.
Increasingly however, anglers are also using artificial lures for the walleye. Sabiki and Lucky Lura-type bait leaders with size 8 or 6 hooks can be deadly and will also catch queenfish and other small fish. A few truly knowledgeable anglers also use crappie jigs. 1/64-ounce size jigs with mini skirts in chartreuse, hot pink, white, clear or root beer colors seem to do the trick. Remember, when using the jigs, a slow retrieve works best. (On an April visit in 2002, I fished the waters under the pier using three bare, size 6 hooks with a slow retrieve. The result was 58 fish—queenfish, jacksmelt, Pacific sardine and walleye surfperch in just over an hour. Non-stop action without using any bait. Although I tried some of the queenfish as live bait for a halibut, the only fish I got that day were the small variety.)
A small barred surfperch taken by a fishing buddy —Mike Granat
Inshore, use fresh mussels, bloodworms, soft-shelled sand crabs or ghost shrimp for barred surfperch, yellowfin croaker and an occasional spotfin croaker or corbina. Corbina up to six pounds are caught, mostly while using light tackle (6-8 pound line), size 4-2 hooks, and soft shelled sand crabs—the bigger the crab the better. The spotfins by the way can be large. The pier saw a fairly long run of spotfins during March of 2007 with anglers catching limits of fish up to and exceeding five pounds (with most being landed on ghost shrimp).
A trick used by some locals for the larger barred surfperch (up to 3 pounds) is to use a fresh mussel still in its shells. The shell is opened and then three size 8 hooks are put into the soft meat and the rind.
This same rigging can be used on the larger pileperch, rubberlip perch, and black seaperch (buttermouth) further out on the pier. A favorite technique used by locals fishing under the pier for the large pileperch, a fish that likes to circle the pilings just a couple of feet below the surface, is to use a light line, a bobber, a split-shot sinker, and a live sidewinder crab that they’ve caught from the inshore pilings.
Some regulars have also reported good success on the barred surfperch using plastic grubs (root beer colored) and the aforementioned crappie jigs.
A number of opaleye, zebraperch and sargo are also caught. The opaleye (up to 5-6 pounds) and zebraperch prefer green moss but will also hit on frozen peas and fresh mussel. The sargo prefer soft shell sand crabs and fresh mussel. Most of these are caught in the mid-pier section of the pier out to the end, most are caught down around the pilings, and all seem to prefer the evening hours. A sargo, by the way, weighing 3.5 pound won the annual Father’s Day Tournament several years ago.
Quite a few sharks and rays are also caught on the pier; in fact, it is a pretty sizable fishery in the evening hours. The favored shark is a thresher shark. Most are caught out at the end of the pier but mid-pier to the end, on the south side, will see rods lined up for the sharks. Typical tackle is a sliding live bait leader with a 6/0 to 8/0 hooks and 120 pound steel leader. The line is cast out and then a live Pacific or Spanish mackerel is slid down to the water to await the sharks. This was a common technique using live anchovies back in the sixties but a technique rarely seen on piers today.
Species of sharks include soupfin sharks (a 5 ½ footer was taken in September 2007), leopard sharks (to 50 pounds), gray smoothhound sharks, horn sharks, thresher sharks and even blue sharks. I’ve heard stories of hammerheads and bonito sharks (shortfin mako, Isurus oxyrinchus), but I want to see the pictures. A run of thresher sharks took place in October 2007 that saw many sharks landed and though most averaged 40-60 pounds one was estimated by all concerned to be over 100 pounds. Reported catches have also included a sevengill shark (Notorynchus maculatus) that weighed an estimated 185 pounds (1996), a soupfin shark weighing an estimated 90 pounds, and an angel shark estimated to weigh 40-50 pounds (2000). On the wall of the pier bait and tackle shop is a picture of a 230-pound sevengill shark landed near, but not on, the pier in June of 1995.
Together with the sharks will be a number of rays, especially bat rays and many big old mama bat rays near to or exceeding a hundred pounds in weight have been landed (including an estimated 150-pounder in May of 2002). May 2008 saw a run of BIG bat rays hooked, fish estimated at over 150 pounds in weight. In several cases they simply spooled the veteran anglers who were fishing for them.
A small bat ray
Joining the bat rays will be shovelnose sharks (guitarfish) and the smaller thornback rays.
Crustaceans. The pier is a noted locale for several crustaceans, spiny lobsters (Panulirus interruptus), rock crabs (mainly yellow rock crabs—Cancer anthonyi), and gnarly old sheep crabs aka spider crabs.
It’s also a notable locale for poachers, especially those seeking out the lobsters aka bugs. Although there are strict season, size and method of capture regulations on the bugs none seem to be followed by many locales. If a undersized lobster is snagged on a fishing line (instead of taken in a hoop) out of season many will still keep them. Then there are the guys who come armed with heavy rods and reels and big treble hooks. As soon as it’s dark and there is a little more privacy they may be out there trying to snag Mr. and Mrs. Lobster. Occasionally there are sting operations on the pier to thwart the poachers but there are never enough to stop the poaching.
As for the crabs there are rarely enough caught to go over the limit although it does happen occasionally. Most are caught in hoop nets but once again some of the creatures, especially the spider crabs, like to grab a bait and rarely do they want to let it go. What you thought was a big “something” (since there is little fight) become an ugly-looking crab that can be covered in all kinds odd detritus. But, they are good eating (even if a little difficult to clean).
Adam Cassidy with lobsters and crabs
A nice catch of rock crabs taken by Mahigeer aka Hashem Nahid
Potpourri — Possibly More Than You Want To Know About The Santa Monica Pier
<*}}}}}}}}}>< — New friends, conversation and interesting stories are bonuses when I visit California’s piers. One such story was provided by an angler sharing the rail at the Elephant Rock Pier in Tiburon, up in San Francisco Bay. He had grown up in Santa Monica and related how, as a teenager, he would go out at night to the Santa Monica Pier to go fishing. According to him, there were a number of Chinese fishermen who made a regular habit of snagging crabs with large treble hooks. Not much of a story there except that they evidently kept a fire going under a large pot filled with seawater. As they caught a crab it went into the pot and an ongoing communal sort of crab feast was the result. He said he would sneak a bottle of wine from his parent’s larder and he and the Chinamen (his words) would fish and feast (a.k.a. party) most of the night. This was supposed to have occurred back in the ‘60s. Today you would probably need to bring some crusty sourdough bread, the proper cheese, and a good Cabernet if you wanted to do it right (although a proletarian Zinfandel seems more appropriate for a pier)!
<*}}}}}}}}}>< — Another story concerning crabs at the pier was sent into PFIC by Neil E. Dixon — Why were there so many crabs under the Santa Monica Pier?
In the early 1960s my family moved close enough to the Santa Monica Pier that I could walk the two miles to the pier in about half an hour. I spent many summer days fishing and trying to hustle enough money to pay for a ticket on the ½ day boat Kiaora with Capt. Curt or a full day trip on the Indiana with Capt. Bill Pelton. One summer day in the 1960’s, on the lower deck of the Santa Monica Pier, people were catching more rock crabs than usual. Several of us “pier rats” got our hoop nets over the side and started to bring up lots of rock crabs.
We started selling our crabs to pier visitors for 25 cents each. We had to dig in trashcans for bags and boxes so that the tourists could carry their crabs’ home for the traditional crab boil. The abundance of the crabs on the lower deck of the pier went on for days and many of us “pier rats” amassed over $20 each selling the rock crabs. At the end of the week income came to an abrupt end early one evening when someone with a grappling hook and a strong rope hauled up what had sent the hundreds of rock crabs to feast under the pier. The heavy tug of the grappling hook on the rope revealed a horrible sight. On the surface of the water, suspended by the grappling hook, was a pale-faced man with long red hair and a large spider tattoo on his hairy chest. His chest was criss-crossed by a length of chain and two cinder blocks were attached on each side of his body. The crab feast ended when the Santa Monica Police and the Los Angeles Coroner sent this man to his final last resting place—which was not under the Santa Monica Pier.