Pacific Bonito

GDude (James Liu) and a large bonito from the Cabrillo Mole in Avalon Species: Sarda chiliensis (Cuvier, 1832); from the Greek word sarda  (an ancient name for a European species of bonito) and chiliensis (in reference to Chile, South America, where the species was first…

Sablefish

Sablefishes and Skilfishes: Family Anoplopomatidae Species: Anoplopoma fimbria (Pallas, 1814); from the Greek words anoplis (unarmed) and poma (operculum or gill cover), and the Latin word fimbria (fringe). Alternate Names: Commercially called blackcod in Washington and butterfish in California. Other names include Alaska blackcod, coalfish,…

Halfmoon

Sea Chubs: Family Kyphosidae Species: Medialuna californiensis (Steindachner, 1876); from the Spanish word medialuna (halfmoon, referring to the shape of the tail) and californiensis (California, where first found). Alternate Names: Catalina blue perch, island mackerel, blooper, blue wizard, blue perch or blue bass. In early…

Horn Shark

Bullhead Sharks: Family Heterodontidae Species: Heterodontus francisci (Girard, 1855); from the Greek hetero (different) and odont (tooth) and the Latin francisci (referring to San Francisco). (They have a small pointed tooth at the front of their jaw and a blunt tooth at the rear.) Alternate…

California Sheephead

  Adult male Sheephead caught at the Redondo Sportfishing Pier Wrasses: Family Labridae Species: Pimelometopon pulchrum (Ayres, 1854); from the Latin pulcher (for beautiful) and pimelometopon (meaning fat forehead). And, this may have been changed to Semicossphus pulcher.   Sheephead caught at the Cabrillo Mole…

Pile Perch

Surfperch/Seaperch — Family Embiotocidae Species: Damalichthys vacca (Girard, 1855); from the Greek root words racos (ragged) and cheilos (lips) and the Latin word vacca (like a cow). Family Embiotocidae, subfamily Embiotocinae. Alternate Names: Splittail perch, forktail perch, dusky perch, white perch, silver perch, piler perch,…

Wolf-eel

Wolf fishes: Family Anarhichadidae Picture courtesy Outdoor Writers Association of California Species: Anarrhichthys ocellatus (Ayres, 1855); from the Greek word anar-hichas (an ancient name for a fish which resembled this species) and the Latin word ocellatus (eye-like spots). Alternate Names: Moray eel. Called doctorfish in…

Rainbow Seaperch

Surfperches/Seaperches — Family Embiotocidae Species: Hypsurus caryi (Agassiz, 1853); from the Greek word hyps (high), the Latin word urus (a kind of wild ox) and Greek word cary (a nut)—apparently in reference to the shape. Family Embiotocidae, subfamily Embiotocinae. Alternate Names: Rainbow surfperch, striped perch.…

Kelp Greenling

Greenlings and Lingcod: Family Hexagrammidae Species: Hexagrammos decagrammus (Pallas, 1810); from two combinations of Greek words; hex (six) and gramma (line), deca (ten) and gramma (line, referring to the number of lateral lines on the side of the fish). Alternate Names: Commonly called seatrout; also…

Black Perch

Surfperches/Seaperches: Family Embiotocidae Species: Embiotoca jacksoni (Agassiz, 1853); from the Greek word embiotoca (bringing forth living young), and jacksoni (in honor of A. C. Jackson of San Francisco, who first noted that these perch give birth to living young and brought it to the attention…